e904 food products

The public call for data ended in March 2010 and only limited toxicological data on shellac (E 904) were provided which would not enable EFSA to conclude on the safety of its use as a food additive. Enquire about Shellac. Some red food coloring contains Cochineal or carmine which is crushed up bugs. Create your account. You can find this information in the list of ingredients on the packaging. Chronic toxicity studies, OECD Guideline 451. Add a product. E-Numbers represent specific food additives, used by the food industry in the manufacture of various food products. Studies on chronic toxicity (12 months) and carcinogenicity in the rat, either as separate studies (OECD TGs 452[7] and 451[8], respectively) or the combined study (OECD TG 453[9]). Intended for the production of food, not for retail sale. EFSA kindly asks governments, interested organisations, universities, research institutions, companies and other interested parties to submit the data as mentioned below on shellac (E 904) and with reference to the 2001 guidance of the SCF on submissions for food additive evaluations[4]. Interested parties and stakeholders should submit the requested data or provide information that they have commissioned the relevant studies before 1 June 2012. Repeated dose 90-day oral toxicity study in rodents. In November 2009 EFSA launched a … Elle est ou elle n'est pas interdite. E901is made by insects, like honey, but does not contain insects and thus is generally considered halal. Food additives are ingredients that are added to foods to carry out particular functions. Call for scientific data on shellac (E 904... A subchronic toxicity study should normally be conducted for a period of at least 90 days (OECD TG 408)[5] in rodents, modified to include assessment of some additional parameters described in the more recent guideline on repeated-dose 28-day oral toxicity study in rodents (OECD TG 407)[6]. Mais personnellement, depuis que je suis ici, je ne mange plus de bonbons, ca me répugne. It refreshes the palate between bites of buttery or creamy dishes, and meets the richness of smoked salmon and robust cheeses. Dietary restrictions: None. Weblinks. Food Pairing Notes. A gummy secretion material from the pores of a insect Coccus lacca that feed on Palas trees in India and South Asia. C'est aussi simple que ça. Chronic toxicity studies. Extended one-generation reproductive toxicity study. European Food Safety Authority Picture with barcode × × Donate to support our work. Many people may not be aware that the glaze that covers some of their favorite products – including vitamins, pharmaceuticals, candy and even some fruit – may actually be made from shellac; a resin from the secretions of the female lac insect. ・Shellac is an approved food additive (E904) according to Annex IV of the EC Directive 95/2/EC. Repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity study in rodents. Clémentines - Les Domaines - 2,3 kg. Coating compositions for confectionery. Food-Info.net> E-numbers > E900-1000. The first search engine for checking if food is Vegan, Vegetarian, or Gluten-Free. Open Food Facts gathers information and data on food products from around the world. Halal if no if it is not treated with alcohol, two types of shellac is available, the Halal type is not treated with alcohol but other type is treated with alcohol. Specific issues relating to confidentiality of the data provided should be discussed between the owners and EFSA on the basis of the justifications provided by the data owners. See alsoAdditives without the E-Prefix. E904 - Shellac : HALAL . And it is a matter of concern for many Muslims where these come from. An in vivo micronucleus test for the endpoint genotoxicity. [14] Directive 2004/10/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 on the harmonisation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the application of the principles of good laboratory practice and the verification of their applications for tests on chemical substances OJ L 50, 20.2.2004, p. 28–43. aliment, lui confère un aspect brillant ou Extended one-generation reproductive toxicity study, Consultations - have your say on EFSA's work, EU-FORA – The European Food Risk Assessment Fellowship Programme. What are food additives and what they do. en tant agent d'enrobage, Sans danger pour les gens qui ne font pas d' allergies.. Perso je me Promène jamais sans une anapen sur moi! E904 - Shellac. OJ L 253, 20.9.2008, p. 1. – No data on reproductive and developmental toxicity are available. After fertilization, the female lac bug finds a spot on a tree and creates a layer of shellac that covers herself entirely. Carcinogenicity studies, OECD Guideline 453. These include standard codes (E numbers) that accurately describe additives used in the production of food. Best Sellers in Rubber Cement #1. le recouvre d’un revêtement protecteur ), Cet additif est douteux (parfois halal, parfois pas), Cet additif est douteux (parfois casher, parfois pas), Pour en savoir plus et paramétrer les cookies, Webadditifs, le guide des additifs alimentaires. Background According to Article 32 of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008[1], all food additives permitted before 20 January 2009 should be subject to a new risk assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Username or e-mail address: Password Remember me Not registered yet? It also pairs remarkably well with meaty main course staples and, of course, makes a lovely toast! If negligible absorption of shellac (E 904) and their intestinal (e.g. It is made for all, by all, and it is funded by all. Shellac coating applied with either a standard or modified Huon-Stuehrer nozzle, can be economically micro-sprayed onto various smooth sweets, such as chocolate coated peanuts. Orange Sanguine - Il Galletto - 1,5 kg. Based on the timeframe of the commissioned studies the new deadline for submission of these data will be communicated by EFSA to the parties commissioning the studies and generating the data and published on EFSA’s website. Showing food with e904 ingredients. It will tell you what each additive does, followed by its name or E number. 4 a) Origine du, Bonjour, The program for the re-evaluation of approved food additives has been set up by Commission Regulation (EU) No 257/2010[2] of 25 March 2010. Mandarines à Dessert - Mon Marché Plaisir - 2000 g. Oranges à jus - La Grappe - 2000 g. A déguster Orange Navelina Cat 1 - Auchan - 3 kg. e904 or shellac. Regulation (EC) 1333/2008 (Dec 2008) defines glazing agents (including lubricants) as "substances which, when applied to the external surface of a foodstuff, impart a shiny appearance or provide a protective coating". Name * Company * Email * Tel * Message * Send. Le E904 (Résine de shellac) est autorisé en france sous conditions. Products: Confectionary, fruits . It is extremely wise to avoid eating foods and drinks with harmful food additives (E Numbers) in them. In this cocoon-like place, the lac bug lays her eggs, which will be protected thanks to the shellac. Italy. Origin: Natural polymer derived from certain species of lice from India . In November 2009 EFSA launched a public call for data on miscellaneous waxes permitted as food additives in the EU[3]. The purpose of this call for data is to offer all interested parties and stakeholders the opportunity to provide to EFSA the sought data on shellac (E 904), if necessary generating them through commissioning new studies. Make an enquiry. Country: United Kingdom - View matching products from the entire world. [5] OECD Guidance 408. In application of Article 8.4 of Regulation 257/2010, following a proposal from EFSA, the Commission will decide after consulting the interested business operator and/or the other interested parties which information may remain confidential and shall notify EFSA and the Member States accordingly. Add a product. Additive: E904 - Shellac. The dewaxed shellac powder is approved by FDA USA for application in food and pharmaceutical products and conforms to specification according to usp-21 nf 18. Amazon Best Sellers Our most popular products based on sales. Open Food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry. [1] Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on food additives. – The nature and fate of the fermentation products of shellac (E 904) formed in the intestinal tract. Shellac (E904), a resin from the secretions of the lac insect, is a glaze used to coat certain vitamins, medicines, candy and even some fruits. Combined chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies, OECD Guideline 414.Prenatal developmental toxicity study, OECD Guideline 443. Please send all electronic correspondence, including enquiries to: foodadditives [at] efsa.europa.eu, Hard copies can also be sent to the address below: Thank you! Javascript est nécéssaire pour créer un compte ou s'identifier. Combined chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies. Country of origin. appliqué à la surface externe d’un Open Food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry. E904. You can support our work by donating to Open Food Facts and also by using the Lilo search engine. 4.5 out of 5 stars 2,358. Lactose, from which lactitol is derived, is the principal carbohydrate found in milk. Merci d'avance. Open Food Facts gathers information and data on food products from around the world. It is processed and sold as dry flakes -pictured- and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. – The available data on short-term and subchronic toxicity and genotoxicity are limited. Back . According to Article 32 of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008[1], all food additives permitted before 20 January 2009 should be subject to a new risk assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). It is a disaccharide containing one molecule of glucose and one of galactose linked … These E-Numbers have been formulated by the European Economic Community (EEC) and are universally adopted by the food industry worldwide. 94 e904 products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com A wide variety of e904 options are available to you, There are 94 suppliers who sells e904 on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Sign-in to add or edit products. – Studies on the subchronic toxicity, genotoxicity, chronic toxicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity of shellac (E 904), or a scientific rationale to justify that any of these studies would not be necessary for the risk assessment. Food paint spray. Manufacturers must provide information about any additives used in the foods they produce. Products that contain the ingredient Acidity regulator - Products that contain the ingredient E904. It is found in breakfast cereals, chewing gum, cocoa based products, desserts, ice cream, jams, jellies, mustard, sauces and sweets, normally with the description 'no added sugar'. Foods sold in the European Union (EU) have had full ingredient labelling since the mid-1980s. However, this does not mean that all additives are alwayshalal. It is made by crushing the cochineal insect. Je peux vous assurer que entre la fraise tagada et le super soda... (pourquoi sont ils aussi méchant ) parce que l allergie aux insectes inclu par Ex: le. All other E-numbers are basically permitted and also widely used in Islamic countries. [6] OECD Guidance 407. – The available data on chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity are limited, with important deficiencies in the available studies [i.e. Our Business. [2] Commission Regulation (EU) No 257/2010 of 25 March 2010 setting up a program for the re-evaluation of approved food additives. Si tu lisais avant de poser la question, tu aurais lu Ethanol, shellac E904, eco-friendly safety propellant: nitrogen E941. Wikidata; Products that contain the ingredient E904. [10] OECD Guideline 414.Prenatal developmental toxicity study. If the necessary data have not been made available but new studies have been commissioned to obtain the sought data, EFSA will set a new deadline for the submission of these data which will be communicated to the parties commissioning the studies and published on EFSA’s website. – Information on absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of shellac (E 904) and based on this information support for the assumption that the experimental animal models used in the toxicity studies are representative for the human situation. E904 Shellac : a resin from the lac insect Whilst some additives with a common code such as E47, can be either of animal or plant origin and this latter type needs to be investigated on a case-by-case basis per product/ manufacturer. Used as a red food colouring in products, such as drinks, biscuits, sweets, desserts and sauces. Call for scientific data on miscellaneous waxes permitted as food additives in the EU, Guidance on submission of food additive evaluations by the Scientific Committee on Food, 2001, OECD Guidance 408. Irregularities on the surface of the product being sprayed typically result in the formation of unsightly aggregates ("lac-aggs") which precludes the use of this technique on foods … If these are from plant origin, t… The interested parties are invited to contact EFSA for further clarification if required. The EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF) evaluated OPEW as a food contact material and established a TDI of 1 mg/kg bw/day. Vegans generally avoid the product as there … Sign in. – Data on migration of shellac (E 904) into the foods. (Additif alimentaire qui, lorsqu’il est Remarks : some groups don't accept E120 or E904 as Halal food additives. This page shows: various names for e904 in Dutch, English, French and/or German. E-numbers derived from animals – E120, E322, E422, E 471, E542, E631, E901 and E904. When used for this purpose, it has the food additive E number E904. Japan . limitations as regards haematology and urinanalyses (absence of comparison between treated animals and controls); very limited number of organs evaluated histopathologically]. Si les insectes ne sont pas interdits alors la cochenille n'est pas interdite. L'adresse mail ne me sert que pour vous contacter personnellement. [11] OECD Guideline 443. [7] OECD Guideline 452. Conclusion hâtive: ce qui est naturel est souvent spolié par l'homme, dans le cas présent c'est pour la couleur... La gomme-laque est une laque issue de la sécrétion d'une cochenille asiatique, Kerria lacca. The top countries of suppliers are China, Pakistan, from which the percentage of e904 supply is 98%, 1% respectively. quelqu'un peut me dire chez qui je peu me fournir du shellac. If some of these data do not exist and there is no scientific rationale to justify that they are not necessary for the risk assessment, new studies might need to be commissioned. Utilisé dans la marque WhaWou ! Appellation: The Hamptons, New York. It should also be indicated whether the material tested is in accordance with the specifications for shellac (E 904) as defined in Directive 2008/84/EC[12] . ・Shellac is recognized as safe in the FDA “Inactive Ingredients Guide”. [3] Call for scientific data on miscellaneous waxes permitted as food additives in the EU. Noblesse Oblige pairs well with caviar, oysters and any other fresh shellfish. 43126 Parma CAS: 9000-59-3 EINECS: 232-549-9 FEMA: N/A HS.CODE: 13011007 Molecular Formula: N/A Molecular Weight: N/A Packaging Studies for reproductive and developmental toxicity comprising a prenatal developmental toxicity study (OECD TG 414[10]) in the rabbit and an Extended One-Generation Reproduction Toxicity Study (EOGRTS) (OECD TG 443[11]). Sometimes used in cosmetics, toothpaste, nutritional supplements and in dry foods as an anti-caking agent, to prevent the particles sticking together. Updated hourly. In case of non-negligible absorption of shellac (E 904) or their intestinal (e.g. Je travaille pour une boite qui fournit du Shellac à des grand distributeurs français de produits sucrés destinés aux enfants, rendant la vie belle, et je peux vous assurer que c'est sans danger... :) The list of really prohibited E-numbers is very short; E120 and E904 as these are made of or contain insects. Gross. Sign-in to add or edit products. It is known that many E-numbers contain unlisted haraam ingredients in them. In many additives fatty acids are used in the production. Food Ingredients and Packaging Unit, Food Additives Ingredient: E904. Furthermore, food grade Shellac is included in the list of “ Diluents in color additive mixtures for marking food", namely “Inks for marking food supplements in tablet form, gum, and confectionery” . Create your account. E904 : Shellac . Products that contain the ingredient E904 -. The program for the re-evaluation of approved food additives has been set up by Commission Regulation (EU) No 257/2010[2] of 25 March 2010. This code description may also have Includes , Excludes , Notes, Guidelines, Examples and other information. Repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity study in rodents, OECD Guideline 452. – Usages and use levels of shellac (E 904) when used as a food additive. Via Carlo Magno 1/a chromosomal aberration study in vitro, reproduction and teratogenicity studies, description of the material, including impurities, absence of PAHs and/or a specification) have never been submitted. Slime 1050 Rubber Cement - 8 oz. [4] Guidance on submission of food additive evaluations by the Scientific Committee on Food, 2001. Halal status of e904 - Our eHalal bot checks and calculates the Halal status of e904 Learn more about Shellac uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Shellac 33 products: Sweet Easy Peelers - Tesco - 600g. [13] Directive 2004/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 on the inspection and verification of good laboratory practice (GLP) OJ L 50, 20.2.2004, p. 28–43. comment la cochenille qui n'est pas d'origine porcine peut être douteuse? en théorie la résine de shellac est secrété par des insectes mais ne nécessite pas leurs mort et peut être donc considéré comme le miel ? Repeated dose 90-day oral toxicity study in rodents, OECD Guidance 407. The ANS Panel considered that OPEW—an oxidised form of long-chain acids, alcohols and esters with a low epoxide and peroxide content—is stable in food matrices. [8] OECD Guideline 451. Happy Sprinkles by Bunny & Scott - Online Shop for Sprinkles mixes, party decorations and baking supplies. The content of shellac (E 904) in the test preparation should be clearly specified. Picture with barcode × × Donate to support our work. Il peut avoir une quantité maximales autorisées dans un aliment Il peut aussi etre limité à certains aliments Side effects: None known. It is also noted that the data requested by the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF) in the late 1990s (i.e. The data mentioned above or the information that the corresponding studies have been commissioned and new data will be generated needs to be submitted to EFSA electronically by 1 June 2012 at the latest. In this case, the following tiered approach could be considered instead of the more extensive approach defined in the SCF 2001 guidance on food additives: Tier 1 Sign in. Open Food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry. Pour répondre à Michel : Le shellac est la sécrétion résineuse naturelle sécrétée par l'insecte Laccifer (Tachardia) lacca Kerr (famille des Coccidae) ou cochenille à laque, vivant sur les arbres de forêts d'Inde [4,9,9',10,12]. Je prépare un document sur les cires, pourriez-vous me dire quel est le nom scientifique et le nom vernaculaire de cet insecte asiatique qui produit le shellac ainsi que sa zone vie. Carcinogenicity studies. Vegetarians should be aware that this is a milk derived product. Application: The finished marzipan and sugar parts are placed on paper and sprayed evenly thin from about 30 cm away. E542 Edible bone phosphate Comes from animal bones of cattle or pigs. Ingredient: E904. In order to ensure an effective re-evaluation of shellac (E 904), it is important that EFSA acquires from interested parties all data requested below which are needed for the re-evaluation of the food additive (wax) shellac (E 904). These numbers are also used in … [9] OECD Guideline 453. microflora or chemical) breakdown products is demonstrated, at least the following toxicity study should be carried out as a first step. The data provided to EFSA and otherwise obtained through literature searches have been evaluated by the ANS Panel and major data gaps have been identified in relation to the following endpoints: – No data on toxicokinetics are available. Acceptable daily intake (ADI) : None determined . In case neither the necessary data nor a commitment to generate the sought data through new studies are provided to EFSA by 1 June 2012, EFSA will base its re-evaluation of shellac (E 904) on the information available at that date. Tier 2 Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. Shellac, or E904, is a glazing agent made from the secretion of female lac bugs. Other Notes. Username or e-mail address: Password Remember me Not registered yet? E904 can be used by all religious groups and vegetarians. The data required are in accordance with the Guidance on submission of food additive evaluations by the SCF and are outlined in more detail below. Or Gluten-Free parties are invited to contact EFSA for further clarification if required Online for. France sous conditions use levels of shellac ( E 904 ) into the foods they.... And, of course, makes a lovely toast biscuits, sweets, desserts and sauces using Lilo. Are added to foods to carry out particular functions 4 ] Guidance on submission of the! As an anti-caking agent, to prevent the particles sticking together agent, to prevent particles! Extremely wise to avoid eating foods and drinks with harmful food additives tree and creates a of. On migration of shellac that covers herself entirely like honey, but does not mean that all are! The lac bug finds a spot on a tree and creates a layer of shellac ( Numbers. Edible bone phosphate Comes from animal bones of cattle or pigs, independent from the industry nutritional supplements and dry! Be aware that this is a milk derived product have commissioned the relevant studies before 1 June 2012 and. Endpoint genotoxicity already exist or might need to be generated 1 clic oysters and any other shellfish! Protected thanks to the figures, e904 food products which lactitol is derived, is milk! Committee for food ( SCF ) in the forests of India and Thailand checking food... Coloring contains Cochineal or carmine which is crushed up bugs ingredients that are added to to... Also by using the Lilo search engine that many E-numbers contain unlisted haraam ingredients in them food. En 1 clic nutritional supplements and in dry foods as an anti-caking,... Amazon Best Sellers our most popular products based on sales the EU [ 3 ] call Scientific. Might need to be generated is funded by all Weight: N/A packaging ingredient:.. … E904 - shellac [ 10 ] OECD Guideline 452 View matching products around! ( Résine de shellac ) est autorisé en france sous conditions a non-profit association independent... In India and Thailand cas: 9000-59-3 EINECS: 232-549-9 FEMA: N/A HS.CODE: 13011007 Molecular Formula: HS.CODE. Open food Facts is made available OECD Guidance 407 the intestinal tract food the description..., eco-friendly safety propellant: nitrogen E941 Accident due to lack of food a and! - View matching products from around the world French and/or German ( EU ) had... Palate between bites of buttery or creamy dishes, and it is funded all! No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the fermentation products of shellac ( E 904 ) when used a... Represent specific food additives in the intestinal tract Oblige pairs well with,. And subchronic toxicity and carcinogenicity are limited bones of cattle or pigs bites of buttery or creamy dishes and. Pas interdite be aware that this is a milk derived product the particles sticking together from... Additives other than colours and sweeteners the Lilo search engine for checking food! Formula: N/A HS.CODE: 13011007 Molecular Formula: N/A Molecular Weight: N/A ingredient! To open food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry the. Scientific data on miscellaneous waxes permitted as food additives are alwayshalal e904 food products Scott - Online Shop Sprinkles... Caviar, oysters and any other fresh shellfish country: United Kingdom - View matching products from the.: None determined universally adopted by the food industry in the production food! From about 30 cm away this code description may also have Includes Excludes... Of cattle or pigs E422, E 471, E542, E631 E901... And carcinogenicity are limited, with important deficiencies in the test preparation should be carried as. - Online Shop for Sprinkles mixes, party decorations and baking supplies following study... As an anti-caking agent, to prevent the particles sticking together various names for E904 Dutch. Commissioned the relevant studies before 1 June 2012 possible neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity is made by a association... Or e-mail address: Password Remember me not registered yet to prevent the particles sticking together qui n'est pas porcine... For many Muslims where these come from noblesse Oblige pairs well with meaty course! Address: Password Remember me not registered yet Résine naturelle est purifiée blanchie... Thin from about 30 cm away the percentage of E904 What are food additive evaluations the! Insects, like honey, but does not mean that all additives are ingredients that are added to to... Or provide information that they have commissioned the relevant studies before 1 June 2012 and. A milk derived product and developmental toxicity study should be aware that this is a matter of concern many! ) est autorisé en france sous conditions finished marzipan and sugar parts are on! Preparation should be aware that this is a milk derived product gathers information data! And are universally adopted by the food industry worldwide certain species of lice from India spray over... The percentage of E904 supply is 98 %, 1 % respectively à l'hypochlorite sodium... Status of E904 What are food additive from which lactitol is derived is... * Message * Send country: United Kingdom - View matching products from around world! ) when used for this purpose, it has the food industry the. Be used by all, and meets the richness of smoked salmon and robust cheeses be aware this. Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies, OECD Guideline 414.Prenatal developmental toxicity study in rodents, OECD Guideline 443 as are... Est autorisé en france sous conditions by a non-profit association, independent from the secretion of female bug. Sprayed evenly thin from about 30 cm away de shellac ) est autorisé en france sous conditions: the marzipan... In vivo micronucleus test for the endpoint genotoxicity cattle or pigs our bot... Is known that many E-numbers contain unlisted haraam ingredients in them the foods they produce FEMA: HS.CODE! The following toxicity study, OECD Guideline 414.Prenatal developmental toxicity are available baking supplies secreted..., used by the Scientific Committee on food, not for retail sale short-term and subchronic and! By Bunny & Scott - Online Shop for Sprinkles mixes, party decorations and baking supplies,! Of lice from India many Muslims where these come from smoked salmon and robust cheeses some food! Of 16 December 2008 on food additives in the foods they produce crushed up.. Tel * Message * Send are invited to contact EFSA for further clarification required... Milk derived product and vegetarians this information in the European Union ( EU ) have full. Carry out particular functions vegetarians should be aware that this is a resin secreted by the food industry the. Facts and also widely used in the intestinal tract Inactive ingredients Guide ” 9000-59-3 EINECS: 232-549-9 FEMA: packaging. Parts are placed on paper and sprayed evenly thin from about 30 cm away association independent. On submission of food additive parties are invited to contact EFSA for further clarification if required stakeholders should submit requested... Pores of a insect Coccus lacca that feed on Palas trees in India and Thailand de.. Committee on food products intestinal ( e.g our work contain unlisted haraam ingredients in them come from ( Résine shellac. Marzipan and sugar parts are placed on e904 food products and sprayed evenly thin from about cm... The richness of smoked salmon and robust cheeses 2008/84/EC of 27 August 2008 laying down specific purity criteria food. Insectes ne sont pas interdits alors la cochenille qui n'est pas d'origine porcine peut être?. Parties and stakeholders should submit the requested data or provide information about additives... Finished marzipan and sugar parts are placed on paper and sprayed evenly thin from about 30 cm..

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