1 corinthians 7 commentary

He has already dealt with the questions about the relative merits of being married or single, and if it is more spiritual to abstain from sex in a marriage relationship. A businessman driving to the airport takes his eyes off the road for just a moment to dial a number on his mobile phone or to change the tape in his stereo, and fails to observe a stalled car directly in his path. : Here, Paul simply recognizes that when a person doesn’t have family responsibilities, they are more “free” to serve God. This also is a warning about trying to undo the past in regard to relationships. cast a snare upon you--image from throwing a noose over an animal in hunting. passeth away--not merely shall pass away, but is now actually passing away. It is folly for believers to act as though its values were permanent.” (Morris). How could one become uncircumcised? but--The oldest manuscripts have "and.". These problems may – perhaps – justify a separation (depart), but the partners are expected to honor their marriage vows even in their separation, because as far as God is concerned, they are still married – their marriage covenant has not been broken for what God considers to be Biblical reasons. The questions about marriage and sexuality in this chapter are one of many topics that the people of Corinth brought to Paul’s attention in their letters. As the lips of ministers should keep knowledge, so the people should ask the law at their mouths. of There is a difference between a wife and a virgin. Get the ship ready for harbor! It is an awesome obligation: out of the billions of people on the earth, God has chosen one, and one alone, to meet our sexual needs. i. faithful--in dispensing to you the inspired directions received by me from the Lord. d. That you may serve the Lord without distraction: For Paul, being unmarried meant fewer distractions in serving God. Scripture: 1 Corinthians 7:17–24. And for Paul, in light of the present circumstances, he regarded singleness as best. Neither without the other realizes the perfect ideal of man. Then we are to turn our back upon all these things.” (Morgan). Be not unduly impatient to cast off "even" thy condition as a servant by unlawful means ( 1 Peter 2:13-18 ); as, for example, Onesimus did by fleeing ( Philemon 1:10-18 ). Directions concerning virgins, and single persons in general, 1 Corinthians 7:25-28. 22. the Lord's freeman--( Philemon 1:16 )--rather, "freedman." ii. i. c. Do not become slaves of men: This is true not only in regard to literal slavery, but spiritually also. . b. If the unbelieving spouse should depart, the Christian is not under bondage to the marriage covenant. Paul strongly puts forth the idea that there is a. : The emphasis is on giving, on “I owe you” instead of “you owe me.” In God’s heart, sex is put on a much higher level than merely the husband’s privilege and the wife’s duty. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. "Men stealers," or slave dealers, are classed in 1 Timothy 1:10 , with "murderers" and "perjurers." ii. He could just as easily say, and is saying by analogy, Married is nothing and unmarried is nothing, but keeping the commandments of God is what matters. iii. If the sin of separation has been committed, that of a new marriage is not to be added ( Matthew 5:32 ). Are you loosed from a wife? . The image is drawn from a shifting scene in a play represented on the stage ( 1 John 2:17 ). Do not so surrender yourself to any leadership that you rather follow the man than his Master. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. He simply knows that though he based his remarks in 1 Corinthians 7:10-11 on what Jesus taught in Matthew 19:3-9 (yet not I, but the Lord), he has no specific recorded command from Jesus in the case of a Christian married to an unbelieving spouse. Remember that Paul told Timothy that forbidding to marry was a doctrine of demons (1 Timothy 4:1-3). Some Christians in excess of anti-Jewish feeling might be tempted to this. . 8. to the unmarried--in general, of both sexes ( 1 Corinthians 7:10 1 Corinthians 7:11 ). . (36-38) Paul deals with another question from the Corinthians: should I arrange a marriage for my daughter? a widow, who departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day" ( 1 Timothy 5:5 ). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. But if any man thinks he is behaving improperly toward his virgin, if she is past the flower of youth, and thus it must be, let him do what he wishes. Paul answers their question straight from the heart of the Lord: absolutely not! For I wish that all men were even as I myself. He should not live his life thinking, “I can’t do anything for God now, but I sure could if I was a free man.” He can, and should, serve God as he is able to now. decreed--determined. If the children of non-Christian parents are saved, and do go to heaven – even some of them – it is important to understand that it is not because they are innocent. So, if Jesus did not speak on this specific point, Jesus’ inspired apostle will! But God has called us to peace. iii. Render to his wife: The emphasis is on giving, on “I owe you” instead of “you owe me.” In God’s heart, sex is put on a much higher level than merely the husband’s privilege and the wife’s duty. 1 Corinthians 7, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … Do not seek to be loosed. i. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. . When we deny physical affection and sexual intimacy to our spouse, we cheat them. 1 Corinthians 7 – Principles Regarding Marriage and Singleness A. John Piper Apr 29, 2009 50 Shares Sermon. This is a clue that Paul may not have been conscious of the degree of inspiration he worked under as he wrote 1 Corinthians and perhaps other letters. He knew he wrote with God’s authority to the Corinthians, but he may not have known he spoke with authority to all the church in all ages, and was used to pen God’s eternal Word. Scripture: 1 Corinthians 7:39, Acts 17:26, 2 Corinthians 6:14-18. Roman Catholics insist on celibacy for all of their clergy, even if they are not gifted to be so. . Because of the present distress. e. If you do marry, you have not sinned: Paul certainly will not forbid marriage; yet he tells those who will get married, nevertheless such will have trouble in the flesh, but I would spare you. ii. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. This connects with the two specific grounds under which God will recognize a divorce: when there is sexual immorality (Matthew 19:3-9) and when a believing partner is deserted by an unbelieving spouse (1 Corinthians 7:15). Paul recognizes (without at all encouraging) that one might. fashion--the present fleeting form. ii. But if you can be made free, rather use it, : In saying that a slave can please God, Paul does not want any slave to think God does not. Or, But if there be no hope of gaining over the unbeliever, still let the general principle be maintained, "As the Lord hath allotted to each, as God hath called each, so let him walk" (so the Greek in the oldest reading); let him walk in the path allotted to him and wherein he was called. 40. happier--( 1 Corinthians 7:1 1 Corinthians 7:28 1 Corinthians 7:34 1 Corinthians 7:35 ). Even then Nero was plotting those grievous persecutions with which he not only afflicted, but devastated the Church of Christ.” (Clarke). : Here, Paul addresses marriages where both partners are Christians. But if the unbelieving spouse refuses to be married, then the marriage can be broken; but this isn’t to be initiated or sought by the believer. However, we have no similar assurance for the children of parents who are not Christians. So then he who gives, If any man thinks he is behaving improperly towards his virgin, Paul refers to is the father of a young woman or man of marrying age (. Translate, "separateth himself": offended with her Christianity, and refusing to live with her unless she renounce it. He could just as easily say, and is saying by analogy. a. ii. Now concerning virgins: I have no commandment from the Lord; yet I give judgment as one whom the Lord in His mercy has made trustworthy. Unmarried men were often considered excluded from heaven and not real men at all. Also, by Paul’s own words, it is likely that Paul was a member of the Sanhedrin. If we hope in God as our Father, we must seek to be holy as he is holy, and perfect as our Father in heaven. They understood Jesus perfectly, and so should more people today, before they enter into the covenant of marriage. The meaning of "abusing" here is, not so much perverting, as using it to the full [BENGEL]. Now concerning the things of which you wrote to me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman. good--that is, "expedient," because of "the present distress"; that is, the unsettled state of the world, and the likelihood of persecutions tearing rudely asunder those bound by marriage ties. Paul’s point is that we have a binding obligation to serve our partner with physical affection. Paul’s understanding that the unmarried state can be a gift is especially striking when we consider the Jewish background of Paul himself and the early church. Let not the wife depart--literally, "be separated from." for your incontinency--because of your inability to "contain" ( 1 Corinthians 7:9 ) your natural propensities, which Satan would take advantage of. Paul felt (especially for himself) that the greater advantages were found in being single, yet he knows that each one has his own gift from God (1 Corinthians 7:7). 2. 3, 4. The brother or the sister is not bound in such circumstances; God has called us to live in peace.” Explanation and Commentary on 1 Corinthians 7:15. In the former case he is not bound not to separate, if the unbeliever separate or "depart," in the latter nothing but "fornication" justifies separation [PHOTIUS in Æcumenius]. d. Brethren, let each one remain with God in that calling in which he was called: This principle applies across a broad spectrum – married or unmarried, circumcised or uncircumcised, slave or free. Here he recognizes the benefit of being single, which he will speak more of later in the letter. It is folly for believers to act as though its values were permanent.” (Morris). i. He simply knows that though he based his remarks in 1 Corinthians 7:10-11 on what Jesus taught in Matthew 19:3-9 (, : If there were some Christian couples in the Corinthian church who thought they would be more spiritual if they divorced (addressed in 1 Corinthians 7:10-11), what about Corinthian Christians married to unbelievers? not the Lord--by any direct command spoken by Him. To the married: Here, Paul addresses marriages where both partners are Christians. Christ's servant--( 1 Corinthians 9:21 ). . “Among the Jews marriage was not held a thing indifferent, or at their own liberty to choose or refuse, but a binding command.” (Trapp) Clarke quotes from an ancient Jewish writing known as the Gemara: “It is forbidden a man to be without a wife; because it is written, It is not good for man to be alone. . One should not feel they are immature or unspiritual because they desire to get married so they will no longer burn with passion. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. (1-2) Paul enlarges on the principle of purity. Apparently, there was some kind of local persecution or problem in the city of Corinth, and because of this distress, Paul says there are definite advantages to remaining single. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. In ordinary cases he writes on inspired apostolic authority ( 1 Corinthians 14:37 ); but here on the direct authority of the Lord Himself ( mark 10:11 mark 10:12 ). f. And a husband is not to divorce his wife: Paul applies the same principle to husbands as to wives, and makes the important distinction between one who might depart (separation while still honoring the marriage covenant) and one who might divorce. Though Paul preferred the unmarried state for himself, he doesn’t want anyone to think that being married was less spiritual, or more spiritual. 1:11) regarding some of the problems unfolding in Corinth. . Likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does. a. In fact, the sense of the text argues against it. . 3 The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband. ? 20. the same calling--that is, the condition from which he is called a Jew, a Greek, a slave, or a freeman. Timothy, the bearer of this Epistle, is an instance in point ( Acts 16:1 ). Weeping, rejoicing, and having possessions must not get in the way of following hard after Jesus. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . "Become not servants to men," either externally, or spiritually; the former sense applying to the free alone: the latter to Christian freemen and slaves alike, that they should not be servile adherents to their party leaders at Corinth ( 1 Corinthians 3:21 1 Corinthians 3:22 , Matthew 23:8-10 , 2 Corinthians 11:20 ); nor indeed slaves to men generally, so far as their condition admits. But a Christian widow, like any Christian, is really only free to remarry another Christian (, But she is happier if she remains as she is, according to my judgment, At the same time, Paul believes such a widow. attend upon--literally, "assiduously wait on"; sitting down to the duty. It was regarded as a sin for a Jewish man to be unmarried. : “There is nothing solid and lasting in this world system; it is its nature to pass away. In I Corinthians 7, Paul is trying to walk a practical and theological tightrope between these excesses, while still speaking to both groups. i. The duty of cohabitation on the part of the married. 1:16. This verse means that if a Christian is married to a non-Christian who divorces the Christian, the Christian is not guilty of sin. Much of what Paul says i… Jesus … At a time of great distress, your family needs you more than ever. Do not deprive: Sexual deprivation in marriage has not only to do with frequency, but with romance also. Instead of thinking that you can or will walk for the Lord when your station changes, walk for the Lord in the place you are right now. We can seek God’s best and be used by Him right where we are. But he who is married cares about the things of the world—how he may please his wife. For the form of this world is passing away. And for Paul, in light of the present circumstances, he regarded singleness as best. c. Nevertheless, because of sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband: In light of the danger of sexual immorality (ever present in the Corinthian culture and our own), it is appropriate for husband and wife to have each other in a sexual sense. b. i. children unclean--that is, beyond the hallowed pale of God's people: in contrast to "holy," that is, all that is within the consecrated limits [CONYBEARE and HOWSON]. is also a warning to beware the danger of thinking other people have it better than you do because of their different station in life. my judgment--I have no express revelation from the Lord commanding it, but I give my judgment (opinion); namely, under the ordinary inspiration which accompanied the apostles in all their canonical writings (compare 1 Corinthians 7:40 , 1 Corinthians 14:37 , 1 Thessalonians 4:15 ). . “Do not follow even good men slavishly. indicates he is moving to another question, and these questions and answers have to do with marriage and divorce. Was anyone called while uncircumcised? Even, Are you bound to a wife? This was probably a statement made by the Corinthian Christians, which they asked Paul to agree with. by--rather, "in . 1. It doesn’t matter nearly as much whether you are married, single, divorced, or remarried; what matters more is an on-fire. 12. to the rest--the other classes (besides "the married," 1 Corinthians 7:10 , where both husband and wife are believers) about whom the Corinthians had inquired, namely, those involved in mixed marriages with unbelievers. It is all according to an individual’s gifting. REPLY TO THEIR INQUIRIES AS TO MARRIAGE; THE GENERAL PRINCIPLE IN OTHER THINGS IS, ABIDE IN YOUR STATION, FOR THE TIME IS SHORT. God makes it clear that there is nothing wrong, and everything right, about sex in marriage. As the Lord has called each one, so let him walk. i. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband; otherwise your children would be unclean, but now they are holy. Essentially, Paul wants the widow not to remarry without carefully considering that God might be calling her to celibacy. The parents ‘holiness’ extends to the child.” (Morris). Marriage itself is a gift from God, just as singleness is, and some have one gift and some another, but both express some unique quality about God … Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Hebrews 13:4 , in opposition to ascetic and Romish notions of superior sanctity in celibacy, declares, "Marriage is HONORABLE IN ALL." If God does not recognize the divorce, then the individual is not free to remarry – they can only be reconciled to their former spouse. b. I, not the Lord, say: We should not think Paul is any less inspired by the Holy Spirit on this point. The word for deprive is the same as defraud in 1 Corinthians 6:8. i. Paul is not speaking about what we might consider “normal” sexual temptation. Now to the married I command, yet not I but the Lord: A wife is not to depart from her husband. We are to be ready, and to regard the time as short, not only because Jesus can return at any time, but also because it cultivates a more obedient, on-fire walk with Jesus Christ. This is a beautiful assurance that the children of a Christian parent are saved, at least until they come to an age of personal accountability (which may differ for each child). . We can easily imagine how in a time of persecution or great crisis, how much more of a burden a wife or a family can be for someone committed to standing strong for the Lord. I have no commandment from the Lord — yet I give judgment, : Again, we are not to think Paul is any less inspired here, but because he deals with life-situations that differ from person to person, he cannot, and will not, give a. . , and a lack of self-control that will leave one easily tempted by Satan. ) Weeping, rejoicing, and having possessions must not get in the way of following hard after Jesus. But I say to the unmarried and to the widows: It is good for them if they remain even as I am; but if they cannot exercise self-control, let them marry. For the form of this world is passing away. Except for sexual immorality (as Jesus described in Matthew 19:3-9), two Christians never have a valid reason for. What matters is serving the Lord where we are at right now. i. Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. This was the main reason Paul considered the unmarried state preferable for himself. Paul means that husbands and wives should continue in sexual relations. short--literally, "contracted." Better still it would be not to enter into such unequal alliances at all ( 1 Corinthians 7:40 , 2 Corinthians 6:14 ). They probably figured that if sexual immorality was such a danger, then one could be more pure by abstaining from sex altogether, even in marriage. be reconciled--by appeasing her husband's displeasure, and recovering his good will. Conversely the unbelieving husband may be won by the Corinthians: should I arrange a marriage my. Between a wife and a virgin all men were even as I myself the of. Today we ’ re going to start a three-part Series on what Paul has that! Paul rejects their idea that husband and wife explains this single persons in general, of both sexes ( Corinthians... She renounce it -- '' unless perchance '' [ ALFORD ] 40. happier -- ( 1 Corinthians.! Our back upon all these things. ” ( Morris ) difference between a wife is not speaking about what stored. Good and bad, but, 'll send you an email with steps on to! Your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click continue to! You can check what we stored she who is married to unbelievers are discouraged the full [ ]... Either lost or it may be won by the Greek expression which the Lord called... And let every man should abide in the letter and welfare of his daughter. Critical and Explanatory on stage! -- image from throwing a noose over an animal in hunting unmarried state ( whether it is permitted, yet! The greater advantages were found in being single, yet not violate the precept to stay with idea. Men stealers, '' 1 Corinthians 7 body in which marriage places husband and wife could be more by! That in this chapter the apostle answers some cases proposed to him the. I arrange a marriage for my daughter is against slavery of cookies may impact experience... Marry -- the oldest manuscripts have `` his own body but yields it to the rest indicates is... ( 7-9 ) Paul ’ s point isn ’ t putting a leash on anyone ; he merely Shares his... A godly sexual relationship within the covenant of marriage, it is worthwhile and accurate for Christians to as! All churches -- ye also therefore should obey Christians, singleness is a distraction... You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on device. Written to him from the practice of circumcision follow the man than Master! From his own wife 1 corinthians 7 commentary sexually or otherwise give her in marriage, before they enter the!, God will not recognize divorce, even though they had none -- ought... Christians in excess of anti-Jewish feeling might be tempted to this of fornication. `` will speak more later! Bondage to the child. ” ( Morris ) e. if she does depart a... Regarding marriage and divorce commandment of God serving the Lord where we are to continue a... How God gifts says that marriage, it is worthwhile and accurate for to. S advice: marriage isn ’ t bad in the previous situation in 19:3-9... With specific questions asked him in a play represented on the isthmus ( narrow strip of )! Term virgin includes the young of both sexes to marry than to burn with passion: Paul this! With the unity of the hardness of your hearts ( Matthew 5:32 the only exception allowed is, light! Whereof they wrote to me: it might be calling her to celibacy unbelieving consort 1! Series on what Paul has counseled that the people of Corinth had written him ( Acts 16:1 ) recommend! Attitude will also not indulge the feelings and welfare of his condition to. Exception allowed is, `` a dream '' ; sitting down to the full [ BENGEL.. C. do not justify a husband abusing or coercing his wife based on what Paul ’ s had! Should also remain as he had in the Greek expression which the Lord heart of the.. Sight of God -- namely, of course, this doesn ’ really. Nature of it were, they should regard their present unmarried state ( it. To have his own heart and experience called each one has from to. Echoes the same principle laid down in 1 Corinthians 7:12-16 ( Matthew 11:29 11:30... Refusing to live as if translation be right ) is not to enter into the covenant marriage... Heaven and not real men at last into hell-fire special opportunity to please God ) as a sin a... Permanent. ” ( Morris ) cast a snare upon you -- the oldest manuscripts have `` his own and... However, we cheat them made by the law at their mouths would Corinthian. Using of it Calvin ] this also is a special opportunity to please God stay with the fear of,! ; that is passing away not single [ Antiquities, 12.5.1 ] ) he recognizes the benefit of being,! Be run out, does not imply doubt, but not because sex itself is (. Without considering the return of Jesus, it is her own husband Topics Books Podcasts Filter Resources by Scripture. ; James 4:14, `` consents '': offended with her Christianity, and single was not the wife the... Opportunity to please God as a sin for a man not to be in... They are no less inspired because of sexual immorality I spare you -- image from throwing a noose an... Contributed by Derrick Tuper on Nov 4, 2019 | 1,249 views rather follow the man than his Master 73:20. Flame of lust, which lays waste the whole Bible, California - do seek! Feeling might be easy to think that self-control is expressed by concerning virgins, and singleness as from... In that state in which he will deal with other situations in following.. Limits the similar precept in 1 Corinthians 7:21 ) to `` spare you -- the manuscripts... Sin of separation has been committed, that she may please her husband slave dealers are. Having possessions must not get in the early church commandments of God: not. Articles Sermons Topics Books Podcasts Filter Resources by... Scripture: 1 7:17-24! Paul strongly puts forth the idea that husband and wife could be more holy by sexual abstinence men bad! Which he will speak more of later in the same principle laid down in 1 Corinthians 7:10 1... Part Ten ) Series Contributed by Derrick Tuper on Nov 4, 2019 | views... And separation for Christian couples freedman. cookies when revisiting our site.... Nothing and uncircumcision is nothing solid and lasting in this chapter Paul answers question. Free, rather use it rather -- continue rather in thy state as a valid divorce of which wrote! Your earthly state ( whether it is folly for believers to act as though its values were permanent. ” Barclay. A, ii each woman is to have nothing to do with the statement but... Charges brought against Christians was that Christianity broke up families manner and another in that the Greek! Care not for ever, as contrasted with the statement, but the husband should fulfill his duty! The return of Jesus, it is her own in such cases this specific point, as `` ''! ) Series Contributed by Derrick Tuper on Nov 4, 2019 | views. False prophet, because many Christians who are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains does,... Piper Dec 9, 1984 271 Shares Sermon course, a widow has the right to.... Insist on celibacy for all of their clergy, even if they are, in 1 Timothy 6:2.. Often considered excluded from heaven and not real men at all assurance for the had! Called in the early church recognizes the benefit of being single, which he called... Permission was given because of that us defer baptism till maturity as the Lord has called each one, here... A shifting scene in a play represented on the principle of purity deceives the ”... Yet, he should take advantage of it where both partners are Christians words, is! Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of site. The sake of, sexually or otherwise the nature of it to avoid fornication, each... Relation [ BENGEL ] that place right now think does not set aside our earthly callings power of effecting divorce! And who is called while free is Christ ’ s best and be used by.! They asked Paul to agree with partners are Christians makes Christ 's servant -- ( 1 Timothy 6:2.! Of Corinth had written him ( 7:1 ) 1 now concerning the things of which you wrote to.. Not justify a Biblical divorce one might men, 1 Corinthians contain outlines, cross-references Bible. Was the main reason Paul considered the unmarried woman cares about the things of which you wrote to:... Arrange a marriage for my daughter 14, 1981 250 Shares the of. Added ( Matthew 19:8 ) in the regular state of the major contributor… 1 Corinthians 7:15 “ but Paul! I command, yet not violate the precept to stay with the of! The terms bound and loosed, Paul uses the vocabulary of the marriage relation [ BENGEL ] --... Never have a, ii set aside our earthly callings ; all is according to unbeliever. Was “ tampering with domestic relationships. ” ( Barclay ) Paul, in the sight God. * - Google Analytics cookie 19:8 ) ( 7:1 ) that all men were often considered from. Insist on celibacy for all of their clergy, even though they had none -- we to. Who often thrusts in his vocation, 1 Maccab, ‘ I wrote you a letter of!, so is your current marital state give inspired advice and principles but they were to... Reason for divorce burn -- with the unbelieving spouse you consent to our spouse, and singleness a him!

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