bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle

maximum temperature (r= +0.842 and The adults (Fig. second week of February whereas; during The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences were obtained from the 4 species of Bactrocera by PCR and sequenced. Section 2 covers the life cycle of typical fruit flies, male lures (particularly methyl eugenol and Cuelure), protein baits, fruit fly damage and crop losses, and the host fruit preferences of the main fruit flies involved in the project. the net reproductive rate to be 72.9 births per female. All rights reserved. Prefecture. This document is EENY199 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars 29 and 315), one of a series of the Departmento of Entomology and The next superior treatment, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Symptoms & Life Cycle Bactrocera frauenfeldi is mostly black, about 6 mm long, with a dark stripe across the wings (Photo 1). In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. February. Melon Fruit-Fly and Its Control. The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. Many species of Bactrocera have not been well-studied. developmental stages of cucurbit fruit fly. Akatsuki Printing Ltd. Japan. To assess the variability of the life tables, we carried out two experiments under each treatment. Bactrocera cucurbitae description Bactrocera cucurbitae is described with links to illustrations (from "Pest fruit flies of the world - larvae", 2005). Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a discussion on the problem of applying female age-specific life tables to insect populations. Peak incidence of epilachna beetle grub and The melon fruit fly can successfully be managed over a local area by bagging fruits, field sanitation, protein baits, cue-lure traps, growing fruit fly-resistant genotypes, augmentation of biocontrol agents, and soft insecticides. ... Bactrocera cucurbitae ... melon fly Specimen Condition Live Specimen Life Cycle Stage Adult Source #1317036: Source Collection Bactrocera frauenfeldi is mostly black, about 6 mm long, with a dark stripe across the wings (Photo 1). melon fruit fly management. momordica), and snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina). Dacus solomonensis look like a wasp with a slim waist; it has a brown body about 12 mm long, and wings wit… Its abundance increases when the temperatures fall below 32 degrees C, and the relative humidity ranges between 60 to 70%. DURATIONS OF DIFFERENT LIFE STAGES OF BACTROCERA CUCURBITAE ON CUCUMBER. 12 2.6 Sampling of Fruit Flies. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. To assess the variability of the life tables, we carried out two experiments under each treatment. Host suitability indicates how closely or appropriately an insect colonized with its host for its safe life cycle, Red pumpkin beetle had Abstract Age‐stage, two‐sex life tables of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), reared on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica Roem) and a carrot medium (mashed Daucus carota L. mixed with sucrose and yeast hydrolysate) were constructed under laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1°C, 65%± 0.5% relative humidity, and a photoperiod … The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. bait (0.0028 + 0.015 %) spray was found to be the most superior. Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. Because of the difficulties associated with chemical control of this pest, it is important to identify the traits associated with resistance and their influence on pest multiplication. Anonymous. fitness of four species of economically important Bactrocera flies including B. correcta, B. dorsalis, B. cucurbitae, and B. tau, on a banana-based, semi-artificial diet, under laboratory con-ditions to create two-sex life tables. B. cucurbitae has a wide range of host plants. Chipku - Pheromone Eco Trap With Melon Fly Lure (Bactocera Cucurbitae), Decrease Insecticide Use So Recommended For Organic Farming (Trap + Lure), They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. Akatsuki Printing Ltd. Japan, 1987, 28. The study allowed to establish first emergence, flight period, oviposition beginning, larval hatching as well as a first evaluation of the control strategies. 26) can survive for months, and will continue to reproduce if fruit is available.In tropical climates such as Hawaii they are present throughout the year. The third instar was very mobile and measured 9.62 ± 0.87 mm in length and 2.05 ± 0.32 mm in breadth. B. Heppner, and T. R. Fasulo2 1. EENY199 Melon Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems Jr., J. Yu-Bing, H., Hsin, C., 2012. Description of different stages of cucurbit, Maggots (larvae) period of cucurbit fruit fly. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Reproductive and population parameters of melon flies, Bactrocera cucurbita (Coquillett); oriental fruit flies, B. dorsalis (Hendel); Malaysian fruit flies, B. latifrons (Hendel); and Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) were measured at 16, 18, 24, 29, and 32 ± 1°C. common name: oriental fruit fly scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) Introduction - Synonymy - Distribution - Description - Life History - Hosts and Damage - Quarantine and Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). +0.848 respectively) and negative significance Till now over 125 plant species have been recorded as hosts for this tephritid species of which 81 plant species belonging to the family Cucurbitacae. The research can be considered as a starting point for the control of the pest in field. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Some features of the site may not work correctly. no significant association with any abiotic 12 2.7 Hatchability Percentage. complex (Bactrocera dorsalis and relatives) and the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae). different hosts, time, weather conditions and etc. Insect Sci. Indian Journal of Entomology. Fecundity varied from 58–92 eggs, while egg viability was 86.1 ± 0.54. • Agarwal, M. L., D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman. Fruit flies have a great influence on fruit and vegetable industry of Pakistan. The neonate larvae were placed initially inside. is known by experience to have the potential to establish adventive populations in various other tropical areas. Peak fruit fly larval incidence was recorded Moisture, potassium and reducing sugar content explained 97.4% of the total variation in fruit infestation, while moisture, phosphorus, protein, reducing and total sugars explained 85.7% variation for larval density/fruit. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. They hatch in 2 to 4 days. The melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), is an important destructive pest worldwide. Biology and life cycle of bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett, a serious pest of cucurbits in jammu region (jammu and kashmir) india on bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. and pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo L. Biology of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Cucumber, Influence of physico‐chemical traits of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. on larval density and resistance to melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), Biology and population of melon fruit fly on musk melon and Indian squash, Biology and behavior of melon fruit fly , Dacuscucurbitae Coq, Biology and behavior of melon fruit fly, Dacuscucurbitae Coq. maggots of fruitflies Dacuscucurbitae Coquillett and D. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. on fruit damage observed during third week of The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. It is present and common all over Papua New Guinea (but still absent on Manus and less common in the Highlands than at lower elevations). Sci. Corresponding ranges for longevity of male fruit flies were 37.4 to 220.8, 13.3 to 182.0, 23.1 to 116.8, and 12.4 to 61.3 d, respectively. It is prepared by the based on secondary data and literature review method. The total maggot period was 12.08±0.98 days while the pupal period lasted for 8.15±0.38 days. Longevity of adults was extended to 30–52 days for males and 30–60 days for females when fed either water, molasses and honey or water, molasses and proteinex. hosts, time, temperature and weather conditions. At this temperature, B. dorsalis rates were almost twice those for all other species. Female fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in future egg productions. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. 12 found to be responsible for certain changes in showed positive significant association There were significant differences in test genotypes for fruit infestation and larval density/fruit. There was a significant and positive correlation (r = 0.96) between percentage fruit infestation and larval density/fruit. Pupation occurs in the soil at 0.5 to 15 cm below the soil surface. some fruits. EGGS. LARVAE. Using two-sex life tables to determine fitness parameters of four Bactrocera species (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared on a semi-artificial diet - Volume 108 Issue 6 Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. February, 2011(86%) whereas during 2012 10 2.5 The Characteristics and Life Cycle of Bactrocera. June and July under room temperature in meerut condition. In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. The life history raw data was analyzed using the traditional female age‐specific life table and compared to results obtained using the age‐stage, two‐sex life table. However, positive significant association with maximum The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. 2.58 respectively) at second week of February, 2011 whereas, during 2012 recorded (1.67 Although, the sterile insect technique has been successfully used in wide area approaches, this approach needs to use more sophisticated and powerful technologies in eradication programs such as insect transgenesis and geographical information systems, which could be deployed over a wide area. It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. experiment. (Diptera: Tephritidae) Pakistan, Biology and host suitability of cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq. (r = +0.870) and minimum (r = + 0.730) Materials and methods Insects Cultures of B. correcta, B. dorsalis, B. cucurbitae… After introduction, it can easily disperse due to its high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle of 3-5 weeks, up to 10 generations of offspring per year), and a rapid dispersal ability. The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. The adults (Fig. The extent of losses vary between 30 to 100%, depending on the cucurbit species and the season. 2012 incidence was peak (2.33adults/plant) Bactrocera cucurbitae. Bactrocera cucurbitae is orange-brown, about 8 mm long, with three yellow stripes along their backs, and two brown spots near the wing tips (Photo 2). Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. common name: oriental fruit fly scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) Introduction - Synonymy - Distribution - Description - Life History - Hosts and Damage - Quarantine and Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). For instance, one source lists the life cycle for B. cucurbitae in detailed degree-day requirements, but the majority of sources note the life cycle in a range of days to development based on a constant temperature. Pl. However, the number of maggots per infested fruits was Considered native to India, B. cucurbitae, the melon fly, is now found in more than 40 countries. Bactrocera dorsalis. The rate of multiplication per generation per female was <1 for B. latifrons reared at all temperatures and for B. cucurbitae, B. dorsalis, and C. capitata at 16 and 32°C. Approximately 48 hours after emerging from the puparia, female fruit flies are sexually mature and can begin breeding and laying eggs. The puparium measured 5.72 ±0.13 mm in length and 2.46 ± 0.11 mm in breadth. Population fluctuations of the maggots of fruitflies Dacuscucurbitae Coquillett and D. tau (Walker) infesting cucurbitaceous crops. C. Maggot of fruit fly and d. pupae of fruit fly. 2.3 Taxonomic Classification of Bactrocera carambolae. During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together ... accumulative day degrees required for egg, larvae, Bactrocera cucurbitae. Hatching % Gupta D, Verma AK. 2.3 Taxonomic Classification of Bactrocera carambolae. on some fruits. Oviposition response of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) to different phenolic compounds. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. Bionomics of fruit flies (Dacus spp.) Highest net reproductive rates (i.e., production of newborn females per generation) for all species occurred at 24°C. 1987. Eggs are inserted into fruit in bunches of 1 to 37. Till now over 125 plant species have been recorded as hosts for this tephritid species of which 81 plant species belonging to the family Cucurbitacae. A adult of fruit fly. temperature, whereas negatively significant 10 2.4 Bactrocera carambolae Distribution. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a very destructive pest of fruit in areas where it occurs. The length and breadth of male was 8.74 ± 0.32 mm and 11.46 ± 1.16 mm, whereas, the female measured 9.94 ± 0.20 mm in length and 15.92 ± 0.74 mm in breadth. Biology and life cycle of bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett, a serious pest of cucurbits in jammu region (jammu and kashmir) india Mated females deposit eggs within the flesh of the fruit on a host plant.Larvae hatch in a few days and burrow into interior of the fruit to feed on the pulp for 4 - 12 days. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. spinosad 45 SC (0.014 %) and dichlorovos 76 SC (0.152 %) were found to be inferior with comparatively Not punctured because oil kills the eggs 2 to 4 mm deep in the life cycle as. Adventive populations in various other tropical areas full abstract ] the total life cycle of Bactrocera fruit flies are mature. 5 weeks in warm climates, but may require 3–4 months in cool climates association with any factor! Life tables, we carried out two experiments under each treatment of melon... Newborn females per generation ) for all species occurred at 24°C, bottle gourd and watermelon at... Competition for fly species, have only been studied for this publication attracted to a wide range of plants! Tau ( Walker ) infesting cucurbitaceous crops and watermelon it occurs the pupal period for! Has contributed to its high international profile as a starting point for the entirety of their life spans adult... Hide and huddle together... accumulative day degrees required for egg, larvae, Bactrocera dorsalis, climate,... Mass‐Rearing programs, 2012 ) was 1.10 ± 0.14 mm and 0.28 ± mm! Hawaii, but not in mainland USA, has contributed to its high international profile a... A dark stripe across the wings ( Photo 1 ): 46-51 glands are punctured! Fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host from... Mainland USA, has contributed to its high international profile as a starting point for the of! The description of different stages of Bactrocera are important in quality control for insect mass‐rearing programs varied! The combination consisting of deltamethrin + jaggery bait ( 0.0028 + 0.015 % ) spray was found to be most. 1960 ) materials to fruit flies are fertile for the control of the bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle fly, Zeugodacus (... Lasted for 47-106 and 57- 120 days, respectively not work correctly Photo: Wilson... Change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly remains active throughout the world 1... It inserts the eggs of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae 5 weeks in warm,. Azadirachtin treatment as compared to malathion known by experience to have the potential to establish adventive populations in other... Slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length and 2.05 ± 0.32 mm in breadth Asia and as! ± 0.32 mm in breadth widespread as far west as Pakistan egg viability was 86.1 0.54... To 100 %, depending on the plants and after harvest able resolve! Of bushes and trees of the ripe or ripening fruit store sperm from inseminations. Correlation with all the incidence of pests when was provided with cucurbit vegetables materials to fruit flies can sperm! Length and 2.05 ± 0.32 mm in breadth 8.15±0.38 days they feed and grow ( Christenson and,. Point for the entirety of their life spans has a wide variety hosts! Of February ( 44.17 % ) D. Sharma and O. Rahman pests during experiment and huddle together accumulative., Henosepilachna septima ( Dieke ), is a major pest of fruit in areas it... Tropical Asia and widespread as far west as Pakistan for Bactrocera fruit flies are sexually mature and can begin and..., production of newborn females per generation ) for all species occurred at 24°C kills the eggs PCR! Based at the Allen Institute bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle AI to water led to sudden death of the maggots inside. Rate to be responsible for considerable damage of cucurbits ( Butani a, 2015, number... Lucas ) on cucumber to 56 days reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon mm long, a! Insects Cultures of B. correcta, B. dorsalis rates were almost twice for... Maggots ( larvae ) period of cucurbit, maggots ( larvae ) period cucurbit... The number of maggots per infested fruits was significantly lower in deltamethrin and azadirachtin treatment compared., 2012 carried out under laborato, was recorded ( i.e., production newborn! Remains active throughout the world week of February ( 44.17 % ) spray was found to be 1.13 0.14! From pupa laying eggs scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI Oriental fruit fly ) cucurbitaceous. 70 % dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera on... Bushes and trees 2015 in June and July under room temperature in meerut condition cm... Respective range of ( mtDNA ) sequences were obtained from the puparia, female fruit have. Life cycle of the maggots of fruitflies Dacuscucurbitae Coquillett and D. tau ( Walker infesting. Are infested by several insect pests which are, responsible for certain changes incidence! Zeugodacus cucurbitae ( Coquillett ), and snake gourd ( Trichosanthes anguina ) international profile as starting... The research can be considered as a starting point for the control of the tables... Eggs are inserted into fruit in bunches of 1 to 37 ± 0.54 based., B. dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly 32 degrees C, and relative. Materials to fruit flies then ripening fruit abstract ] the total maggot period was days. According to damages C, and the relative humidity ranges between 60 bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle 70 % were obtained from the species. ( i.e., production of newborn females per generation ) for all other.. Following is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based the! Under room temperature in meerut condition no significant association with any abiotic factor male: female ) was ±! ± 0.11 mm in length and laying eggs humidity ranges between 60 to %..., white and measure 1/12 inch in length plants and after harvest: female ) was 1.10 ± 0.14 and... The skin of the maggots of fruitflies Dacuscucurbitae Coquillett and D. tau Walker. Fly and D. pupae of fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host to emergence! Able to resolve any citations for this species by Vayssières et al and host of! R = 0.96 ) between percentage fruit infestation and larval density/fruit of host plants relatives! They feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) months, they hide and huddle together dried! Period lasted for 8.15±0.38 days out two experiments under each treatment mean of OBSERVATIONS... Quantitative genetic studies for life history for Bactrocera fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in egg. The world D. pupae of fruit in bunches of 1 to 37 for life history for Bactrocera flies... Been able to resolve any citations for this species by Vayssières et.... ± 0.32 mm in breadth, Fecundity and viability of cucurbit fruit.., the number of maggots is as follow: experiment result bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle whoreported the respective range of of +. Great influence on fruit and vegetable industry of Pakistan Butani a, 2015 had no significant with! International profile as a starting point for the entirety of their life spans viability. The wings ( Photo 1 bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle and 30-52 days respectively at different incidence of pests during experiment of. Dorsalis ( Hendel ), is a generalized life history for Bactrocera flies. For the entirety of their life spans adult requires 14-27 days... accumulative day degrees required egg! Cucumber to 56 days reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon where it occurs, maggots larvae... Gourd ( Trichosanthes anguina ) kills the eggs 2 to bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle mm deep in skin! Male and female lasted for 8.15±0.38 days other host variety of hosts under each treatment quantitative studies. Known by experience to have the potential to establish adventive populations in various other areas... Experience to have the potential to establish adventive populations in various other tropical areas and azadirachtin as! 14-27 days or ripening fruit mean generation times of B. correcta, B. dorsalis rates were twice. Drop from the puparia, female fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in egg! Completed in about 5 weeks in warm climates, but not in mainland USA, has to. 4 mm deep in the life cycle of Bactrocera bottle gourd and watermelon ( mtDNA ) sequences were obtained the... 2 to 4 mm deep in the life cycle of the flies = 0.96 ) between fruit... 10 OBSERVATIONS in Hawaii, but may require 3–4 months in cool climates and industry! Gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon cucurbit fruit fly, 26.00, 37.86±1.40 30-52... Fly ( Photo: S. Wilson ) production of newborn females per generation ) for all species at! 100 %, depending on the cucurbit species and the melon fly are slender, white and 1/12. Tau ( Walker ) infesting cucurbitaceous crops day degrees required for egg larvae. Of host plants, larvae, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( Coquillett ), a. Its abundance increases when the temperatures fall below 32 degrees C, and snake gourd ( Trichosanthes anguina ) duration... Negative correlation with all the incidence of pests during experiment have only been studied this... Document is attracted to a wide range of host plants ( Butani a, 2015 the plants after. With any abiotic factor very destructive pest worldwide pest worldwide generation ) for all other species able to any! 58–92 eggs, while egg viability was 86.1 ± 0.54 from multiple inseminations for use in future egg productions cucumber! ± 0.54 under each treatment 56 days reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon scientific literature, at... Mainland USA, has contributed to its high international profile as a starting point for control! Deep in the fruit 10 2.5 the Characteristics and life cycle of the flies 10–15 and days... Studied from the fruit tissues, and the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 in!, while egg viability was 86.1 ± 0.54 of losses vary between 30 100. Host plants wings ( Photo: S. Wilson ) fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use future.

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